Halkidiki guide

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Beaches

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Sapphire waters, endless beaches and a vast coastline with pine trees reach the sea. Green and turquoise waters, dreamy beaches, unique nature, beach bar, beach resorts for family holidays and evening entertainment. Exotic, awarded with 33 Blue Flags, your gift makes Halkidiki 550 km beaches compete in beauty and earn … all! We start from the Western
Nea Iraklia Nea Kallikratia: great beaches, white sand and very popular. Organized, suitable for families and traditional taverns in the area serving delicious snacks and Greek dishes. Then we meet the New Slope, the Flogita Beach Dionysius and Saint Mamas. More or less crowded, but all organized, offer dozens of options for those who love water sports, but also for those who are seeking seclusion and tranquility in coves with crystal waters hiding among tous.Sti magnificent Kassandra
Impressive, vast sandy beaches, turquoise waters, organized with beach bar and facilities for all water sports. From Sani, Fourka, in Possidi, Paliouri, Kallithea, until Pefkohori, Polichrono in Hanioti, Kriopigi, Kassandra charms. Endless hours at sea, facilities for families and cosmopolitan atmosphere, splendid green nature emphasizes green waters. Young and old explorers can put … bow to the quieter beaches such as Shack Mola, New Skioni Fourka, the Glarokavos.
 In exotic Sithonia
In your holiday calendar you will not know in which of all to put more exclamation points! The coves in Apella and Walnut, with green waters and bright white sand, will steal your heart. Or, perhaps, the famous Nun, o pine-clad bay gudgeon coast with beautiful waters, Paradise, Nikiti with organized beach of stretching in kilometers? Sarti attracts like magnet surfer, the beaches of Porto Carras, sabers, the Elia, Kalamitsi, Saint John? Toroni swim beneath the site and Porto Koufos, the ancient port of Toroneos will thrilled by the scenery as well as two protective arms the cliffs close within the port, leaving an opening about 300 metron.Sti Sithonia large camping wonderful beaches, Armenistis, Côte Koutloumousi, Kalamitsi is … institution. Like the beach bar where you will experience some of your best moments with shots, cocktails and dancing on the sand until evening. Ideal for family vacations, Sithonia offers thousands of options for accommodation, food and entertainment and children find their paradise here all day. Hidden between the busy beaches, beaches like Azapiko, the Vines, the Diaporti the island Punta, the Virtues, the Little Olive, precious your tips will be that you will choose with whom to share … Overlooking Mount Athos
Ouranoupoli, the "gateway" to the monasteries of Mount Athos, with its impressive tower and the huge, organized, coast and the Ammouliani and Drenia with turquoise waters, steal the show on the side of the northwestern Halkidiki. The beaches in Cabo, Ierissos, the Tower, Develiki Kastri, the Vina, the Xiropotamos, Tripiti will show you that even the less popular side of Chalkidiki has unique beauties. Beaches Pool and Sikia will give you the opportunity to swim with views of the ancient Stageira, where it is considered that he was born in 384 BC the Greek philosopher Aristotle.

History

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3.000-year-old culture?Halkidiki appears in many Greek myths; it is said that the Giant Enceladus was buried in Kassandra. It is also said that Giant Olympus threw a rock forming the peninsula of Mount Athos and Sithonia took its name from Sithon, the son of Poseidon, the ancient Greek god.






 
The remains of ancient extinct animal species found at Nikiti, Vrasta and Triglia, bear witness to Halkidiki?s past. The findings at Petralona cave prove man?s presence in the region, 700,000 years ago ? the findings include a human skull, dating back 200,000 years.The first traces of a civilized human community appear in 4,000 BC. The first inhabitants were Thracians and Pelasgians. During the 8th century BC, new inhabitants arrived from Eretria and Halkida (hence the name Halkidiki). By the 5th century new city states were formed such as Aineia, Gigonos, Lipaxos, Potidea, Sani, Mendi, Skioni, Aiyai, Neapoli, Aphytis, Olynthos, Sermyli, Galipsos, Toroni, Sarti, Pyloros, Dion, Kleonai, Olofyxos, Akanthos, Stagira, Apollonia, Arnea and Anthemous. By the end of the 5th century, the 32 most powerful cities founded the "federation of the Chalkideans" under the leadership of Olynthos. The federation was later dissolved in 379BC by the Spartans.






 
In 348 BC, the area was incorporated to the kingdom of Macedonians, leading to the formation of three major cities: Kassandria and Ouranoupolis in 325 BC, and Antigoneia in 280 BC. In 168BC the Romans conquered the area leading to its decay.In 1430, the region was conquered again, this time by the Ottomans, incorporating Halkidiki into the administrative district of Thessaloniki. Halkidiki was divided into three areas in order to fulfil certain tax-collecting demands: 1) Kassandra, the first peninsula, 2) Hasikohoria which extended to the bay of Toroni and the Thermaic Gulf and 3) Mademohoria, while Mount Athos remained a separate area. The 18th century is a period of prosperity for Halkidiki, an element that explains why the coastal villages became a common target of pirate raids.In May 1821, under the leadership of Emmanuel Pappas, Halkidiki joined the unsuccessful revolution against the Ottoman Empire, leading to a second strike of the resistance in 1854 under the leadership of Tsiamis Karatasos.During the early 20th century, the people of Halkidiki joined the fight for the liberation of Macedonia. The long-awaited liberation arrived in October 1912. Ten years later, the arrival of thousands of refugees from Asia Minor led to the formation of 27 new villages that contributed enormously to the region?s cultural and economic growth.